The Schengen Agreement broke down physical and geographical borders between countries. There were two different agreements that both eliminated border controls and made transit through Europe easier and less expensive. These two treaties created the borderless Schengen Area, where you can travel throughout te entire area without any borders.
The Schengen Agreement of 1985 was made between the Benelux Economic Union, the French Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany. All of these governments agreed to abolish border control on the borders that they shared. This was known as Schengen I, where guards would visibly check vehicles as they crossed the border, but it wouldn't require them to stop and search, so lon gas they had a green visa disc in the window of their car.
The 1990 Schengen Agreement, Schengen II, took the first agreement (1985) to the next level and eliminated all border controls/checks.
There are currently 25 European countries that have adopted the Schengen Agreement.
- The Netherlands
- Czech Republic
Both of the Schengen Agreements caused many positive effects throughout Europe. It eliminated the long lines at the borders between countries and more people were able to travel freely thoughout Europe which helped the economy of these countries. Now, people can cross over borders without showing any form of ID. Although, when traveling by airplane you still have to show ID for safety reasons.
The Schegen Visa was created in order to allow visitors who are not from the European Union to have the ability to freely travel across borders as well. In order to obtain a Schengen Visa, you apply, send in your passport and if you pass all the requirements you are granted access.